Seed Eaters or
vary in appearance, but generally have short and stout beaks, strong and sharp
enough to crush hard seed shells. The group includes birds such as Finches,
Rosellas, Galahs, and Cockatoos. Natural food consists of seeds from native
trees and shrubs such as eucalypts and wattles, grass seed, some grains, native
fruit and berries.
Eaters or Insectivores
This group includes small birds with pointed beaks used for stabbing at insects.
They include Wrens, Robins, Lyrebirds, Cuckoos, etc. Natural food includes
moths, aphids, beetles, ants, spiders, caterpillars & worms and insect larvae.
and Pollen Eaters or Nectivores
Nectivores are small birds with long, slender and slightly curved beaks.
They have a brush-tipped tongue which is used to extract nectar from flowers.
The group includes birds such as Wattlebirds, Lorikeets and Noisy Miners.
Natural food includes nectar and pollen from native flowers like bottlebrushes
and grevillias. They also eat soft fruit, berries and some insects.
Eaters or Carnivores
are medium to large sized birds with very strong beaks needed for crushing bone
and hard insects. This group includes Kookaburras, Butcherbirds, and Birds
of Prey such as Eagles, Hawkes, Falcons, etc. Carnivores eat whole animals
and insects, including bones, fur and feathers. Raw meat alone is an inadequate
diet as it does not include calcium and other minerals and vitamins essential
to the birds diet. Natural food includes mice, lizards, small birds and
mammals, worms, grasshoppers, cicadas, etc. Larger birds of prey such as
the Wedge-tailed Eagle eat carrion, rabbits, rats, etc.
insects, seed & fruit Eaters or
Omnivores are medium to large sized birds with strong beaks similar to Carnivores.
Birds in this group include Magpies, Choughs and Currawongs. They eat a
very varied diet which consists of insects, lizards, some seeds and fruit.
Eaters or Herbivores
are waterfowls such as ducks, swans, geese, etc. They have short, broad
beaks for sifting through mud and water. Natural food includes grasses and herbs,
aquatic vegetation and grass seeds. Herbivores also eat insects.
Eaters or Frugivores
These are medium sized birds with solid, deep beaks. They include bowerbirds,
orioles and some doves. Natural food consists of native fruits, berries
and some insects.
is quite varied and includes seabirds and inland waders. Seabirds have long
and solid beaks used for scooping up food. They include pelicans, penguins
and albatrosses. Natural food includes whole fish, squid and crustaceans.
Inland waders such as herons, brolgas and plovers have very long beaks which they
use to poke into mud in the search of food. Natural food consists of insects,
small fish, frogs, worms and snails.
information is adapted from "Caring for Australian Wildlife" by Sharon
White, which can be purchased through Australian Geographic stores.