Glossary

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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
 
A
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Altricial
Arboreal
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A chick, born with eyes closed, no feathers and totally dependent on its parents
Adapted for living in trees.
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C
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Carnivore
Carrion

Cloaca

Copulation
Crown
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Flesh eating animal or plant.
Dead and rotting flesh.  Animals that have already been killed by road accidents, etc.

A common passage for faecal, urinary and reproductive discharges.
Uniting in sexual intercourse.
Top of head.
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D

Diurnal
Down

An animal that is active by day is said to be diurnal.

The 'fluff' or soft hairy growth that covers baby birds.
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F

Fledge
Fledgling
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When a baby bird is ready to fly.
A young bird that has just fledged.
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H
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Hard release
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When an animal is taken to the location it originated from and released without any further support from the carer.  This is normally practiced when animals are adults and already have survival instincts.
I
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Incubate
Insectivore
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When an adult bird sits on eggs for the purpose of hatching.

Adapted to feeding on insects.

M

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Macropod
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.
...
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Monotreme
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Myopothy
.

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"Macropodoidea" is the name of a superfamily that includes the kangaroo, wallaroo, wallaby and potaroo. "Macro" is Greek for big and "pod" is Greek for foot. The superfamily is then divided into two families; the Potoroidae, including the rat-kangaroo, potoroo and bettong; and the Macropodidae, comprising of the kangaroo, wallaby, pademelon and wallaroo.

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A Monotreme is an egg laying mammal and there are only two found in the world, the Echidna and the Platypus.

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Degenerative lesion of the muscle, caused by exertion and stress.

  
N
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Nocturnal
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An animal that is active by night is said to be nocturnal.
  
O
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Omnivore
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An animal that eats meat, insects, seed & fruit.
  
P

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Precocial

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A chick, born with eyes open and fully feathered. Although still reliant on parent, the chick is independent insomuch that it can move around (whether by walking, swimming or flying) and can feed itself.
.

PreeningWhen an animal cleans itself.  An animal also preens when shedding, pulling fur or feathers out so that new ones will grow.
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Prehensile Able to grip (ie: the tail is able to grip objects and is used like a third limb)
  
R
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Rhinarium
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The area of skin, often moist, around the nostrils of a mammal (ie: the nose).
  
S

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Sedentary

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Occupies the same territory year after year.

Shedding
(or malting)

When an animal loses it's coat, eg: feathers or fur, and grows a new one.  This is a slow process, the new coat growing as the old one falls (or gets preened) out.  Mammals shed for the summer and winter months. Birds take approximately 2 years to grow a complete set of new feathers.

Soft release

When an animal is released slowly from a carers home. This is normally practiced when the animal is raised from young, and must learn how to survive in the wild.  The carer slowly withdraws from the animal until there is no contact, giving the animal the chance to bond with it's own type.

  
T
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Torpid
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A period of inaction, idleness or sleeping. For example, some animals go into "torpor" during winter months (hibernation).
  
W
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Wattle
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Fleshy, usually colourful lobes or appendages around crown, face or neck.
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Wean To accustom (a child or animal) to food other than its mothers milk.

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